To describe the benefits of the two-stage exam
To discuss different ways that instructors can implement the process
The two-stage exam is a process where students take an assessment independently and then take the same assessment or similar assessment collaboratively. It allows for both a way of assessing students’ individual learning as well as a way for them to enhance their learning with others through collaboration. Two-stage exams also incorporate all the benefits of collaboration like fostering an environment where students are actively constructing knowledge along with their peers, engaging with each other in worthwhile discussions and working as a group to justify their answers. Two-stage exams have been well-researched and provide the benefits of reducing student anxiety around testing, providing time for immediate feedback after exams, increasing retention rates of course content and enhancing higher order thinking for all levels of learners (Lusk & Conklin, 2003; Gilley & Clarkston, 2014; Mahoney & Harris-Reeves, 2019).
Two-stage exams can take on a variety of formats. Here is a link to a quick video that shows instructors how to implement the process. Key takeaways are as follows:
Gilley, B. H., & Clarkston, B. (2014). Collaborative testing: Evidence of learning in a controlled in-class study of undergraduate students. Journal of College Science Teaching, 43(3), 83-91.
Mahoney, J. W., & Harris-Reeves, B. (2019). The effects of collaborative testing on higher order thinking: Do the bright get brighter?. Active Learning in Higher Education, 20(1), 25-37.
Lusk, M., & Conklin, L. (2003). Collaborative testing to promote learning. Journal of Nursing Education, 42(3), 121-124.